What’s a better way to welcome the spring than with the burst of cheery yellow flowers? Yes, we are talking about Forsythia.
Bursting into a lively display of golden blooms before the emergence of any leaf foliage, Forsythia is undoubtedly a beautiful spring flower that you can have in your garden or home. This yellow flowering shrub is known for the long branches that provide a sunny sight in the spring.
The Forsythia flowers provide a joyful-looking backdrop, centerpiece, or border for your yard. Primarily, for this reason, most people love to have this plant in their backyard. Also, as it is a fast-growing flowering hedge, it makes the shrubs a great planting option.
However, if you’re considering growing a Forsythia, you need to take proper care. Planting a Forsythia plant is all about space and time. In this article, you will not only find the most common Forsythia varieties but also tips on how to grow a Forsythia and how to take care of these fantastic golden blooms. So, let’s get started.
- The meaning of Forsythia
- Forsythia Facts
- Forsythia Varieties
- How To Grow Forsythia
- Forsythia Pruning
- Plant Forsythia Now To Enhance the Look of Backyards!
The meaning of Forsythia
Forsythia symbolizes spring sun and anticipation since it flowers in springs. Another meaning of the Forsythia is dignity and nobility. That’s why the Victorians used the Forsythia to express their feelings.
- Forsythia was named after Scottish horticulture of the 18th century, named William Forsyth.
- In traditional Chinese medicine, the Forsythia is being used for detoxifying the body and treating fever and cold.
- During the rains, Forsythia flowers tip downward to protect their pollen.
- Related to olives, these flowers are shade-tolerant, deer-resistant and drought-tolerant.
When it comes to the color of the flowers of the different Forsythia Species, there isn’t much variety. Yellow, yellow, and yellow. There is just one exception: the White Forsythia.
This doesn’t mean that all Forsythia varieties are equal. They do differ in size and bloom times. Here you can find the most common Forsythia varieties with their characteristics.
Forsythia Suspensa, also known as the weeping Forsythia, is a common variety of Forsythia that is native to Asia. Known for its pale yellow flowers and large size, these shrubs are reliable and tough. The flowers of the Forsythia Suspensa are usually 8 to 10 feet in height, with leaves of about 2-10 cm in length.
Due to its characteristic weeping habit, it is categorized as a great hedging plant. Be it on a slope or hanging over a wall, the Forsythia flowers look beautiful either way. The bloom time of the Forsythia Suspensa flower is April to May, which consists of 4 petals. Besides, the flower is a fundamental herb, which is used for making effective Firsythia Suspensa medicines.
Northern Gold Forsythia
This beautiful golden-yellow flower is given the title of the “official harbinger of spring”. The upright growing Northern Gold Forsythia blooms early in the spring season before the appearance of dark green leaves.
Growing to a height of 6-8 feet and a width of 5-7 feet, northern gold forsythia grows well in full sun and moist soil. For creating a striking yellow landscape, these flowers are a good option.
The Border Forsythia, also known as “golden bells”, is a medium-sized and most recognized plant in the south. The species is famous for producing vibrant bright yellow flowers.
Border forsythia is a hybrid between the Green-Stemmed Forsythia and the Weeping Forsythia, which gives the scientific name – “Forsythia x Intermedia” to this variety.
The Border Forsythia can grow in full sunlight or partial shade. Another great thing about this species is that it is quite noticeable even in twilight because of its eye-catching yellow-colored flowers.
Vermont Sun Forsythia
One of the hardest kinds of the Forsythia, Vermont Sun Forsythia, belongs to the Oleaceae family and is also known as Forsythia Mandschurica.
The sulfur yellow flowers of this variety emerge from buds of black color. This Forsythia variety can be grown both in partial shady and full sun conditions, having a height of 6-8 feet. The flowers are hardy and deciduous, and the blooming starts in early February.
The leaves of this flower are round in shape and 3 inches in diameter. Also, one can notice stiff and upright branches of these flowers.
Green Stem Forsythia
This variety is also known as Forsythia Viridissima and belongs to the Oleaceae family. Being one of the compact deciduous shrubs, these flowers can grow to a height of 0.75 to 1 feet and spread to about 2 to 3 feet. With elliptic-oblong shape, the leaves of these flowers are nearly 6 inches long.
This Forsythia plant boasts a low-growing habitat, blooming from March to April. It produces modest yellow-colored flowers and can grow in partial shade as well as under the full sun. The soil needed is well-drained with an average to medium moisture content.
Also called Courtacor or Gold Curl forsythia, the Goldilocks Forsythia is a deciduous shrub and a mutation of the Spring Glory Forsythia. These flowers are solid and compact in shape and grow in abundance.
The soil needed for these plants should be well-drained, and it can grow well in low temperatures as well.
White Forsythia is different from the other Forsythia varieties in terms of color but is still one of the main species. It produces rich white flowers, which is sure to add a hint of elegance to your backyard.
These flowers also belong to the Oleaceae family and grow to a usual height of 3 to 6 ½ feet. The blooming season of these flowers is from March to April. However, the best time to plant these shrubs is the spring or at the beginning of the fall. Although this Forsythia can grow both in full sunlight or partially shaded locations, its flowers bloom in partial sunlight.
This plant also has medicinal properties, which are similar to the Witch Hazel plant.
Gold Tide Forsythia
The Gold Tide Forsythia, or Forsythia Courtasol, is a compact border shrub that grows to a typical of 24 inches and spreads about 3-4’ across. It’s a perfect ground cover type Forsythia with some branches laying right on the ground.
At the onset of the fall season, the flowers take up a gorgeous purplish shade on the outside and turn a pale yellow on the inside. The blooming period of these flowers is from March to April. In the early spring season, this plant burst into amazing lemon-yellow flowers. This makes it a beautiful plant in both the spring and fall seasons!
Arnold Dwarf Forsythia
Known to be a remarkable dwarf undercover type of shrub, the flowers of the Arnold Dwarf Forsythia plant are 2-3 feet high.
This type of Forsythia consists of pale yellow flowers along with crisp green leaves. In addition, the Arnold Dwarf Forsythia produces lovely dark green foliage, which is transformed into a striking bronze-green color during the fall season.
It grows well in wet, acidic, dry clay and sandy kinds of soils and in full to partial sunlight condition.
Lynwood Gold Forsythia
This Forsythia variety looks beautiful in springs as its bright golden blossom booms. The plant grows to a height of 8 to 10 feet.
The Lynwood Gold Forsythia variety needs well-grown soil to grow. However, it’s not quite a heavy-maintenance plant. The one worth mentioning fact about this variety is that its floral display turns gorgeous, vibrant yellow hues of red and orange that look vibrant against the dark green leaves.
How To Grow Forsythia
The flowers of Forsythia plants appear before the appearance of its leaves. So, you can get an unblocked view of these gorgeous flowers. The bloom of the Forsythia can occur as early as late January, but, usually, it occurs in March.
The Forsythia flowers grow in a variety of yellow colors, ranging from pale to deep yellow. The length of these flowers can vary from 1¼ to 1½ inches, which will be bell-like and produced in clusters. The flowers tend to turn to slightly yellow, purple, or maroon, which depends on the amount of sunlight it has received.
Unless killed by the cold, these flowers can last for about two to three weeks. Although these flowers have a natural growth habit, it can be ruined with inappropriate pruning.
When to plant forsythia
Forsythia can be planted anytime when there is no freeze or frost. Also, it’s better to avoid hot summers. That’s why early spring is the best time to plant your Forsythia.
Forsythia is very tolerant to almost all soil conditions. However, it grows best in moist conditions and clay to loam soils. It’s better to avoid wet soils.
So, the perfect conditions for a Forsythia to bloom are a well-drained garden and a medium nutrient content. The required pH for these shrubs is 6.8 to 7.7.
If the pH of the soil is more, you can use sublimed sulfur to lower the value. If the pH needs to be raised because it’s lower than the recommended value, you can use powdered limestone.
The Forsythia flowers grow best in full sun, and partial shade will not be enough for this plant. Less sunlight may result in straggly growth.
So, make sure to always place your Forsythia plant in an area that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight. The plants won’t grow if the light is less than the recommended amount.
Forsythia grows well in humid climates. If the climate is too moist, the flowers will wilt, and in dry conditions, the flowers may not grow.
The perfect temperature to grow forsythia is between 55 to 70 degrees. The plants will be quite hardy in colder temperatures.
Forsythias should be watered only in long dry periods. So be aware that you don’t overwater your plant. Before watering your Forsythia, check the surface of the soil. If it is dry, you can pour your plant. Another indication that the Forsythia needs watering, is if the leaves sag down.
The best time to do is, is in the early morning or evening hours. In Autumn, Winter, and, Spring the Forsythia normally doesn’t require additional watering (unless its an unusually dry season).
Because of the shallow roots of the Forsythia, you have to pour the water slowly. This allows the plant to suck up the water sufficiently from the upper soil layer.
Pruning plays an essential role in the remarkable growth of the Forsythia. If the bushes of this flower are not pruned appropriately and regularly, it can take a wild-looking shape, which can harm the look of your space. So, for a neater and elegant look, it is necessary to trim your Forsythia from time to time.
As a gardener, I am frequently asked why someone’s Forsythia isn’t blooming. This usually is the result of bad timing of the pruning. Since Forsythias produce their buds on the prior year’s growth, it’s important to prune them right after blooming. This will prevent the removal of any future beds.
To start the pruning process, you should start by trimming 1/4 to 1/3 of the oldest branches. These must be cut right down to the ground. Along with encouraging new growth, this trick will make the flowers take a compact form.
Apart from this trimming, you can also cut newer branches to enhance the overall shape of these shrubs.
It is not compulsory to do the Forsythia pruning annually. If you like the messy look, the pruning can be done after several years as well.
As real sun-lovers, it will probably surprise you that Forsythias, in general, don’t have any difficulty with surviving the winter. Older shrubs and Forsythia, that you planted in the Spring, can endure the lowest temperates without any problem. Only if you planted your Forsythia in the most recent Autumn, it probably needs a bit more attention.
- Protect your Forsythia shrub with brushwood or mulch;
- If it’s a potted Forsythia, you can place them on a styrofoam plate and protect the container with a fleece or foil.
In the case of late frost during Spring, there is a risk that the flowers may freeze. Unfortunately, you can’t do anything to prevent this from happening.
Where Does Forsythia Grow Best?
Forsythia shrubs are known to grow best in full sun. So, make sure to place these flowers outside or in an area that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight. Known to be a versatile, adaptable and easy-growing plant, Forsythia can grow 2 to 4 feet every year. Also, it can be grown in every landscape, so it is quite easy to plant these flowers.
How Big does Forsythia Get?
Since Forsythia is a fast-growing shrub, most varieties of these flowers can grow as tall as 8 to 10 feet. Forsythias grow best in full sunlight. Here you can find some tips on how to grow Forsythias.
What Is The Flowering Time Of Forsythia?
Most of the Forsythia Varieties bloom early at the end of Winter and during the beginning of the spring, providing a sunny sight before the rest of the landscape greens up
Is Forsythia Easy To Grow?
Yes, Forsythia flowers are easy to grow and require little to no care. They just need good sunlight and moist soil to survive.
Plant Forsythia Now To Enhance the Look of Backyards!
Forsythia is undeniably the stunning golden blooms that could enhance the beauty of your house. Be it inside a room, entryway, or in the backyard, these flowers can uplift your décor and make the home look stunning and embedded with golden blooms.
However, for planting the flowers inside the house, you should regularly do prune your Forsythia to maintain its shape and elegance. So, select any one of the types mentioned above and let this golden beauty impart some of the colors to space.
Want to know more about these intriguing yet gorgeous flowers? Well, get in touch with us now, and we will be happy to solve all the queries.
From a simple penchant for yellow flowers as a child to becoming a full-time gardener, nature advocate, and garden designer, I am extremely happy to finally have a platform for me to successfully spread knowledge and expertise in the garden. After graduation, I took many courses related to garden design to feed myself with more knowledge and expertise other than what I learned from my mom growing up while also joining as many garden design competitions locally. For any garden design inquiries, I’m your designer!