Do you wish to revamp your garden this summer without slaving in the dirt for hours? Plant some yarrow(s)! These clusters of tiny flowers come in an array of colors lined with soft and feathery leaves.
Yarrows grow beautifully in the countryside—in grassy meadows, along roadsides or in gardens. Yarrow is a virtually care-free plant that can grow in varied landscapes and produce hundreds of blooms all summer long.
An aromatic herb, yarrow lures butterflies, bees, ladybugs, and hummingbirds. The blossoms come in shades of white, yellow, pink, purple, red, and rose and can enliven any corner of your garden.
You can snip and dry the blossoms to add in bouquets or vases. What’s more, yarrows have medicinal benefits.
So there are plenty of reasons to grow your own yarrows, right? Lose no time. Here’s all you need to know about how to grow and care for yarrows.
- Yarrow Flower Meaning
- Yarrow Flower Types
- How to Grow Yarrow from Seeds
- How to Grow Yarrow Indoors
- Yarrow Plant Care
- Yarrow Medicinal Uses
- Yarrow FAQs
- A Garden Must-Have for the Yarrow-Minded
Yarrow Flower Meaning
Yarrows get their name from the Old English word gearwe and bear the scientific name achillea millefolium. Achillea comes from the Greek hero Achilles who, legend says, used the herb to treat his and his soldiers’ wounds during the Trojan War. Millefolium means thousand-leaved, owing to the herb’s lush foliage.
From purplish-pink and bright magenta to lemon yellow and brick red, the colorful flowers are a feast to the eye. They are great for putting together in a bouquet and can make for a lovely and meaningful gift.
Here are some of the core meanings of yarrows:
- Healing: Yarrow is a natural healer. People offer the blossoms as gifts to symbolize their concern for the good health of the recipient.
- Protection: The flower was used as an amulet or talisman for religious purposes to ward off negative energy and evil. Even today, many people associate yarrows with protection and care.
- Positivity: Yarrow’s herbal aroma can uplift the spirit and bring positive vibes in one’s life. This is why different kinds of yarrows are used to make essences that have each their particular benefits.
- Inspiration: Many people gift the blossoms of this plant to those whom they want to find happiness and illumination in their lives.
Yarrow Meaning by Colors
Yarrow blossoms of every color are gorgeous. But did you know that each color has its own unique significance?
- Pink: Yarrow blooms of light pink, magenta, or rosy pink colors are symbolic of sensitivity and love. Apple Blossom and Cerise Queen can be offered as a symbol of love.
- Red: Yarrows like Paprika, Strawberry Seduction, and Red stand for courage, desire, and passionate love.
- White: The Common white yarrow is linked to purity and innocence.
- Yellow: Yellow yarrows like Moonshine and Coronation Gold are often associated with happiness and friendship.
Yarrow Flower Types
Yarrow is among the most forgiving, easy-to-grow, and adaptable ornamentals. The aromatic flower has nearly a thousand species and is a popular garden plant. It’s widely cultivated in borders, flower beds, or herb gardens.
Take a look at some of the most beloved Achillea millefolium yarrow varieties. Any of these can make a beautiful addition to your summer garden!
1. Apple Blossom
Apple Blossom yarrow has soft pink to pale-rose colored flower clusters. The herb loves full sunlight and blooms from early to late summer. It grows at a fast rate and can be about 18-24 inches tall at maturity.
Under ideal conditions, it can live for about 10 years. Apple Blossom is a fine choice for your garden and can also be planted in outdoor pots.
2. Rubra (Red)
You can daub some red into your garden with the bright blooms of Red yarrow. The flat-topped flower clusters range from dark pink to deep carmine and can reach a mature height of 12-30 inches.
You can make the blossoms into pretty bouquets or keep them as dried flowers in vases. Either way, Rubra yarrow is one of the most striking varieties of this beautiful plant.
3. Cerise Queen
If you are looking for plentiful blossoms in shades of deep pink and magenta, then Cerise Queen yarrow is for you. The eye-catching flowers with white centers and dark green foliage bloom from late spring to early summer.
Tip: Trying to attract butterflies to your garden? Give Cerise Queen a space in your garden. This plant is a butterfly magnet.
The evergreen Moonshine is a beloved of gardeners. Blame it on its aromatic, silver-green leaves and bright lemon-yellow flat-topped flowers that grow throughout summer.
Apart from its good looks, Moonshine gets five stars for being super easy to take care of. Despite its name, this plant is not at all fussy—plant it in a decent spot where it gets sun and give it water and that’s it!
5. Common Yarrow
This graceful variety of the herb produces abundant dome-shaped creamy-white clusters that may be a little invasive if allowed to roam. Common yarrow can grow 2 to 3 feet tall in well-drained soil under full sun.
Tip: The common yarrow is a great choice for bridal bouquets and arrangements. It’s a sweet alternative to other, often more expensive, flowers.
Paprika yarrow is a long-lasting hybrid variety that blooms in large clusters of dusty brick red flowers with a distinctive yellow eye. The flowers delicately fade to light pink and creamy yellow hues, giving the garden a beautiful multi-colored effect.
Tip: If taken proper care of by deadheading, Paprika yarrow can bloom throughout the summer.
7. Apricot Delight
The aromatic, heat-loving Apricot Delight bears blossoms in various shades of pink, from soft apricot to near red.
This cultivar is smaller than most yarrows and fades to shades of peachy coral as it ages. It has a long blooming season from early to late summer if taken care of.
8. Strawberry Seduction
This yarrow boasts of rich strawberry-red blooms with a bright yellow center, just like the seeds on a strawberry. When left to dry on the stems, the red blossoms turn a lovely shade of yellow.
Tip: Strawberry Seduction looks attractive in both fresh and dried flower arrangements.
9. Summer Pastels
This hybrid offers a delicate palette of pastel-colored flowers—it’s a summer must-have! The light hues of mauve, orange-red, pink, purple, rose, and salmon are delightfully fragrant. The densely packed flower clusters are flat-topped and bloom all summer long.
True to its name, Summer Pastelsis just the variety you want to plant in your summer garden. It can bring a lot of color and a cheerful mood to your yard.
10. Coronation Gold
Named for Queen Elizabeth’s coronation, this yarrow has spectacular yellow flower heads. The long-lasting flat flowers bloom from late spring to late summer and have a silvery gray-green fern-like foliage.
Note: The flowers hold color and are good for drying. Because of this, they are an inspired choice for bouquets, whether simple or sophisticated ones.
11. New Vintage Rose
This variety features rose-pink blossoms over compact, green foliage. It holds its shape well, making it ideal for planting in containers. It’s one of the best yarrows to grow indoors.
Unlike other achillea varieties that fade in color once the flowers mature, New Vintage Rose yarrows mature into bold, attractive shades that will enliven your garden—or your glasshouse.
12. Sassy Summer Lemon
Who wouldn’t want to plant a yarrow with this name? The hybrid variety is truly sassy, standing higher than most achillea varieties and with a more substantial presence too.
With its showy bright yellow flower heads, this variety offers a beautiful color pallet for any garden. If your garden needs a touch of color, this variety could be just right for you.
How to Grow Yarrow from Seeds
Yarrows are some of the most easy-to-grow-from-seed ornamentals. They need minimal soil preparation—a bit of compost, a bit of raking to even things out—and you can just sow a handful of seeds and get on with your day.
Because of their ability to grow in varied habitats, yarrow seeds are a beloved of gardeners. But seeding them under the ideal conditions would mean beautiful and fragrant tufts of tiny cream to scarlet flowers all summer long.
Follow along with this handy guide on how to grow yarrow from seeds.
- Begin by sowing the yarrow seeds indoors for about six to eight weeks before the last spring frost. Or you can sow them directly into the planting area in early spring.
- If started indoors, sow the seeds right on the surface of the soil.
- The seeds need some light to germinate, so make sure that you do not plant the seeds too deep in the soil.
- Yarrows love warm and sunny locations. The optimal soil temperature for germination is 15 to 18°C (60 to 65°F). You may want to use a thermometer to check the temperatures, just in case.
- You should avoid sowing the seeds in very moist soil. This may cause the roots to rot.
- In about 14 to 21 days, the seeds will begin to sprout. You can also speed up the germination process by covering the seed area with a plastic wrap to keep in the moisture and heat.
Once the yarrow seeds have successfully grown in your garden, they need little care. They do not require fertilization and only need watering during drought.
Is Yarrow Invasive?
Yes. Yarrow is a weedy species and can be both a blessing and a bane if you grow it in the garden. Many love its care-free nature that enables it to adapt to different soil conditions.
But at the same time, many find its invasive habits which, left unchecked, can colonize the flowerbeds a nuisance. Once you have planted yarrow in your yard, it’s important to control the spread of the plant from its desired growing location.
How to Grow Yarrow Indoors
Though yarrow is more an outdoorsy plant, it can grow indoors in pots and containers. But before you bring the plant within the walls, keep in mind a few things:
- Place the yarrow in an area of full sunlight for the majority of the day. That way it will thrive.
- Make sure that the pot or container in which you have planted the yarrow is big enough to accommodate its thick roots.
- Yarrows are not at all fussy and will do surprisingly well in dry to medium moist soil.
- Deeply water the plant once every other week.
- Yarrow is not prone to pest infestations, but high humidity and wet soils can cause leaf fungus and also rot the roots.
- If the plant begins to droop, cut it back by two-thirds and give it an extra watering for a week or two to encourage regrowth.
- Adding compost to the yarrow planted indoors is a good idea. But it’s not a must. Your yarrow can do well even without compost.
Yarrow Plant Care
By now you must have got the tip–yarrow is a care-free plant. But bear in mind that “low maintenance” is not the same as “no maintenance.”
The plant can bring cheer to your garden with only a bit of care. For that, here are a few careful steps you need to tread.
If you want a good blossom in the summers, make sure your yarrows get full sunlight. If the plant doesn’t get enough sunlight, the long and thin stems can become somewhat droopy. And that would be a pity, wouldn’t it?
Yarrows cannot tolerate wet soil, so make sure the soil where you plant your yarrow is well-drained. Dry to medium sandy clay or sandy loamy soils, are the best for growing yarrows.
Tip: Nutrient-rich soils may encourage aggressive growth of the plant, so it’s best to avoid them.
Yarrow is drought-tolerant and requires little water. It needs moisture during planting and after you divide it. If watered too much, the plant will struggle and fall over.
Yarrows grow best in warm climates. The plant, because of its weedy heritage, can tolerate both hot and humid days and drought.
Yarrows are a very low-maintenance plant, so they usually do not need additional fertilizing. If you must, then an annual side-dressing with compost should be enough for your plant.
If the plant growth seems slow, you can use a balanced fertilizer in early spring before new growth appears.
Note: A nutrient-rich soil can encourage invasive spreading of the yarrow plant. You probably don’t want that.
Don’t let those graceful stalks deceive you–yarrow needs to be pruned regularly! The flowers will fade over the course of their growing season. Deadheading will make the plant look aesthetically pleasing and encourage further blooming.
Yarrow stems can begin to flop in a hot, humid climate. You would want to trim the plant stems to avoid that.
As noted, the plant can, in certain conditions, become very invasive. Pruning will also help keep the plant in check by avoiding self-sowing.
Here’s a video to give you a better idea about how to prune yarrows.
Yarrow Medicinal Uses
Since ancient times, yarrow has been an indispensable herb used to treat several ailments. It has been traditionally used in Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and native American medicine. Because of its healing nature, it goes by the common names “Soldiers’ Woundwort,” “Knight’s Milfoil” and “Staunchweed”.
Recent studies have confirmed that the plant has several health benefits. But note that most of the studies have been performed on animals or on cells. More in-depth findings are yet to be made.
In either case, certain medicinal uses of yarrow have yielded positive results. These include wound healing, alleviating digestive disorders, stimulating menstruation, helping with sleep, boosting the immune system, reducing anxiety, and regulating blood sugar in diabetes.
Note: Just because yarrow is a natural “product” does not mean that it’s risk-free. For all you know, you may have allergic reactions to the herb. Consult your doctor before using yarrow as a medicine.
How to Make Yarrow Tea
Want to make some herbal tea to aid in digestion and help fight cold? Give yarrow tea a go. The dried white flowers are traditionally used for making the tea, though the taste may be slightly bitter.
- Place dried yarrow in a mug. You can also use the whole leaves.
- Pour boiling water on top.
- Steep it for 10 to 20 minutes in order to get the flavors and essential oils out.
- Strain the leaves.
- If desired, add honey to sweeten the tea, or add a slice of lemon.
Yarrow Benefits for Skin
Yarrow’s most ancient use is in rejuvenating the skin. It has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties that can soothe the skin prone to irritations. The herb is readily available as an essential oil or an extract.
Add yarrow extracts to oil or mix with your face cream to help soothe irritation and enhance rejuvenation. The herb is often used as an astringent in organic skincare.
Toxicity of Yarrow
Yarrow is normally considered safe to use medicinally and is not toxic. But in some rare cases, it can cause allergic reactions in humans.
Yarrow is toxic to certain animals including cats and dogs, causing increased urination, vomiting, diarrhea, and dermatitis.
What is the plant yarrow good for?
Yarrow is known for its healing properties. It has been used to treat cuts and wounds and to combat digestive problems like ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome. Some of its other health benefits include reducing skin and liver inflammation, relieving toothache, lowering hypertension, and treating fever, common cold, diarrhea, hay fever, and gastrointestinal issues.
Is yarrow poisonous to humans?
Yarrow is safe when taken in small amounts, such as in tea. But an overdose of yarrow can be unsafe. Warning: Do not consume yarrow during pregnancy—it can affect the menstrual cycle and might result in miscarriage.
Can you eat yarrow?
Yes, you can eat yarrow to bring an aromatic, peppery flavor to your meals. You can use the leaves as a vegetable, boil and simmer them in butter as a side dish, or simply add them to your soups. You can also use the flowers as a condiment in salads and other dishes.
Is yarrow a perennial?
Yes, yarrow is a flowering perennial. You can pretty much take it for granted as one because of its low-maintenance, hardy, pest-resistant, and drought-resistant nature.
A Garden Must-Have for the Yarrow-Minded
Yarrows may be richly colored, but they have an easy-to-grow nature that makes them garden darlings. And don’t forget that it attracts beneficial insects like butterflies and bees while repelling beetles and mosquitoes. And that it has herbal benefits, too!
Yarrows can adorn your garden as well as indoor spaces. Dried yarrows are great for all-purpose bouquets, and they are an especially apt choice for bridal bouquets and arrangements. So, if by now you consider yourself yarrow-minded too, bring home this all-round, garden-must have.
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